GENERAL TERMS


Aikitaiso: Aikido warm-up exercises
Budo: Martial Way
Bushido: The way of the warrior 
Dojo: Training hall

Embukai: Public demonstration
Harakiri: Suicide ritual (Seppuku)

Kamiza: Dojo altar
kanji: ideograms, the Chinese writing
Kiai: Energy shout

Koan: Riddle in zen
Kumite: Empty handed fight
Mushin: Empty mind
Rei: Bow

Satori: Enlightenment
Shikaku: Blind spot
Shinto: The way of the gods
Tatami: Mat
Tekatana: Hand blade
Tori: Defender, also called nage
Uke: Attacker

Zanshin: Lingering spirit
Zazen: Sitting meditation
Zen: (Empty) a form of meditation practice

BODY PARTS

Ude: Elbow

Te: Hand

Men: Head

Ashi: Leg, foot

Mune: Chest

Koshi: Hip

Kote: Wrist

Hara: Stomach

Kubi: Neck

Kata: Shoulder

Tai: Body

 

TECHNIQUES

Ikkyo: First Priciple

Nikkyo: Second Principle

Sankyo: Third Principle

Yonkyo: Fouth Principle

Gokyo: Fifth Principle

Koshinage: Hip Throw

Jujigarami/Jujinage: Cross Throw

Iriminage: Direct or Entering Throw

Kotegaeshi: Wrist Twist Throw

Shihonage: Four Direction Throw

Tenchinage: Heaven & Earth Throw

Udekiminage: Elbow Throw

Kokyunage: Breath Throw

Kaitennage: Rotation Throw

Kiriotoshi: Cut/Drop Throw

Udeosae: Arm Pin

Jijuwaza: Freestyle

Kaeshiwaza: Counter Techniques

Henkawaza: Chainging Techniques

Kumi tachi: Sword against sword

Tachidori: Defense against Sword

Randori: Fresstyle/Multiple Opponents

Suwari waza: Kneeling Techniques

Hanmi-Handachi: Standing against kneeling

Tachi waza: Stand up

Suburi: Basic exercises with sword or staff

Tantodori: Defense against Knife

Jodori: Defense against Staff

Kirikaeshi: Repeted Cuts

Buki waza: Weapons training

RANKS AND TITLES

Sensei: Teacher

Sempai: Senior Student

Kohai: Junior Student

Deshi: Student
 

Fukushidoin: Assisting Instructor 2nd-3rd dan

Shidoin: Qualified Instructor 4th-5th dan

Shihan: Master Instructor 6th dan and above

 

Kyu: Ranks before Black Belt (Mudansha)

Dan: Black belt ranks (Yudansha)

Sotodeshi: Student who lives outside the dojo

Uchideshi: Student who lives inside the dojo

ATTACKS

 

Atemi: Strike to the body

Geri: Kick

Yoko geri: Side Kick

Mae geri: Front Kick

Mawashi geri: Round Kick

Ushiro geri: Back Kick

Tsuki: Straight Punch

Yokomenuchi: Strike to the side of the head

Shomenuchi: Strike to the head

Morotedori: Grip with both hands

Katatedori: Wrist Grab

Ryotedori: Grabbing both wrists

Kubishime: Neck Choke

Katadori: Shoulder grip

Uraken: Backhand strike

WEAPONS & GEAR

Hakama: Traditional Pants

Obi: Belt

Gi: Uniform

Katana: Japanese Sword

Bokken: Wooden Sword

Jo: Short Staff

Tanto: Wooden Knife

Shinai: Bamboo Sword
Shinken: Sharp Sword
Wakizashi: Short Sword

Tsuba: Sword Guard

BODY DYNAMICS

 

Kamae: Ready Position

Mawashi: Revolving, turning
Mawate: Turning

Irimi: To Enter

Tenkan: Turn

Kaiten: Body Shift

Tai Sabaki: Body Movement

Sugi Ashi: One foot follows the other

Ayumi Ashi: Crossed Step

Hajime: Begin

Yame: Stop

Ma ai: Vital distance

Seiza: Seated Position

Tachi waza: Stand Up

Nagare: Flow

Nage: Throw

Kime: Focus

Mokuso: Meditation

Misogi: Purification

Shizentai: Natural Body Position

Shikko: Knee Walking

Kokyu: Breathing

Kata: Form

Ukemi: Roll/Fall

Mae Ukemi: Forward Roll

Ushiro Ukemi: Back Roll

Yoko Ukemi: Side Roll

REFERENTIAL

Hidari: Left

Migi: Right

Mae: Forward

Ushiro: Back/behind

Yoko: Sideways

Omote: In Front

Ura: Behind

Uchi: Inside

Soto: Outside

Gedan: Low Area

Chudan: Middle Area

Jodan: High Area

Gyaku: Reverse, Opposite

EXPRESSIONS

Dozo: Please/by all means

Gomen Nasai: Excuse Me

Onegai shimasu: Please

Domo Arigato: Thanks you very much


Otagai ni rei: Bow to each others

Shomen ni rei: Bow to head place of the dojo